It’s just alcohol – Samuel Vorster

It’s just alcohol – Samuel Vorster

Alcohol is a “legal” and “recreational” substance that is mass marketed to the public.  This differs from reports from medical and legal professionals.  The well documented consequences of the abuse and misuse of alcohol have shown the major impact that alcohol has on society, as a whole.

In most cultures around the world, the initiation of alcohol use has been seen by peers as a rite of passage.   It only takes a causal read of articles on the ills of alcohol abuse and dependency to see that alcohol is one of the most lethal substances that a person can abuse.

Global alcohol use, according to “The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism”, stated that in 2017 over 75% of youth had drank alcohol in their lifespan and that almost...

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“Are addicts criminals who deserve to be punished?”

“Are addicts criminals who deserve to be punished?” 

Samuel Vorster

Introduction

During this paper, in response to the statement made at the local forum, known etiological models of addiction would be described. These are, not limited to, the biological, neurobiological, genetic and socio-cultural environmental models, which includes social learning theories. This evidence would depict that addicted individuals should not be treated only as criminals but as patients1.

During the course of addiction, during the stage of initiation, a choice is made by the individual to use substances2...

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When a patient wants their cake and wants to eat it too

When a patient wants their cake and wants to eat it too

Samuel Vorster

Introduction: The dilemma:

A male patient of 38 years, alcohol dependent, currently working as a pilot, for a airline in Southern Africa, asks you to help him with his problem. He also asks of you to keep his diagnosis confidential, as he would immediately lose his job should his diagnosis be made known.  This ethical dilemma involves a value dispute1, where the patient sees his medical condition and the possible effects, for his work, as being separate.

The patient has an alcohol dependency. It has known effects and concerns.  There is a concern with the patient’s ability to conduct his work whilst in the intoxication and withdrawal symptoms of his use.  There is a risk of harm to others, property and to himself.

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Why do some become addicted

Why do some become addicted

Samuel Vorster

Introduction

The period of adolescence is a crucial stage of human development1,3,4,6,9,10.  Biologically, there is a vast amount of neural pruning taking place, which the outcome thereof prepares the individual for adulthood.  Unfortunately, during this process, the opportunity to initiate substance use (or any addictive behavior) takes place4.  Not every adolescent who starts using substances will become dependent, but when combined with certain risk factors, in the absence of protective factors, can lead to the presentation of a substance use disorder (aka SUD) later in life.1,2,3,6,10

Risk factors and protective factors in Adolescent substance use disorders

Risk factors that put adolescents in danger of, and the factors that play a major r...

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Spice

Spice (K2) [updated 20.11.2019 by Samuel Vorster]

What is Spice (K2)?

Spice is synthetic cannabinoid comprising of a combination of herbs laced with synthetic chemicals meant to mimic cannabis’s psychoactive substances.  Synthetic cannabinoids substances that are categorized as a designer drug.

It has a flaky texture, green in colour and is usually smoked or, in some parts of the world, distributed in liquid form which can be used in e-cigarettes for example.

What effects does Spice have on users?

Like cannabis, Spice work on the same neuro-transmitter (CB1 receptor) as cannabis (aka dagga) can make users feel happy and relaxed, but the effects are much stronger and often unpredictable.

Users recall possible negative experiences of feeling confused, extremely anxious, paranoid and bouts...

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Cocaine, Crack

Cocaine as a recreational drug[Snorting cocaine] Cocaine is the most powerful stimulant of natural originRead More

WHAT MAKES HEROIN SO ADDICTIVE ?

When heroin enters the bloodstream it immediately makes a bee-line towards the brain, and once in the brain it begins to take over. Specifically areas of the brain that are responsible for both physical dependence and producing the sensation of reward to the body.Read More

Ketamine

Ketamine hydrochloride, street name ketamine, ’k’ or ‘special k’ is a drug commonly used as a vetinary tranquilizer,.With regular or large doses, ketamine can make existing mental health problems worse, and can cause feelings of confusion, panic attacks and depression.Read More

Krokodil (Desomorphine)

Krokodil, the most horrible drug in the world. Krokodil is a lethal drug is made from codeine, iodine and red phosphorous,in a relatively simple process similar to the manufacture of tik methamphetamine) from psuedoephedrine like methamphetamine, desomorphine made this way is often highly impure and is contaminated with various toxic and corrosive by products such as gasoline, drain cleaner and sulphurRead More

What is Depression?

What is depression? Depression in men, Depression in women. Signs and symptoms of depressionRead More