Addictions

Addictions

Substance addictions:

Our multi-disciplined treatment team is equipped to provide you with the help you need. Our addiction recovery and recovery program includes addiction treatment for stimulant use, depressants, addiction to pain killers, hallucinogens, solvents and steroids.

Stimulants

Includes cocaine, crack cocaine, crystal meth (TIK or Speed), MDMA (Ecstasy), Methcathinone (Kat), Catha edulis (KHAT), energy drinks and caffeine.

MDMA is an illegal drug that produces an energizing effect, along with distortions in time and perception and enhanced enjoyment form tactile experiences. It also creates feelings of closeness, empathy, sexuality and reduced inhibitions.

 

Ecstasy is addictive and can lead to long-term damage to neurons that are immediately related to mood, thinking and judgment. A study in nonhuman primates shows that exposure to MDMA for only 4 days caused damage to serotonin nerve terminals that was still evident 6 years later. Research has shown it to be unsafe for human consumption.

 

Methamphetamine is a highly addictive synthetic drug containing potent central nervous system stimulant properties. Long-term meth use can cause functional and molecular changes to the brain. Use can lead to violent behaviour, anxiety, confusion and insomnia. Tik is presently devastating the young people of South African townships.

 

Depressants

Alcohol is a depressant, which slows your body down, making it difficult to think more clearly, interfering with cognition and motor functioning. Other depressants include tranquilizers (benzodiazepines), sleeping tablets, GHB, Ketamine and hypnotics (Zopiclone, Rohypnol).

 

 

Analgesics (Pain killers)

This would include illegal drugs such as heroin as well as prescribed substances such as morphine, codeine and synthetic opioids such as Tramadol. Users can develop a physical and psychological tolerance over time, making overdose a dangerous possibility.

The most abused and rapidly acting opiate available, heroin provides users with a sense of euphoria however leads to physical dependency very quickly. Over time, users may develop collapsed veins, abscesses, liver disease, pulmonary complications, respiratory failure (overdosing) or even death.

Codeine is one of the most medically used narcotics in the world and is often abused for its opiate effects. Long-term use can cause the brain to stop endorphin production, high blood pressure, liver damage and/or stomach ulcers.

Hallucinogens

Cannabis, Marijuana, LSD, magic mushrooms, 

DMT, Mescaline. Ecstasy although a stimulant can also have hallucinogenic properties.

The short-term effects of LSD are unpredictable and depend on the amount of the drug taken, the user’s personality, mood, expectations and surroundings. Over time, users may also develop long-lasting psychoses, such as schizophrenia or severe depression.

 

Marijuana is one of the most commonly abused drugs in South Africa. Users may also experience pleasant sensations, colours and sounds, or sleepiness and/or depression. Users can also experience anxiety, fear, panic and distrust.

 

Long-term use of marijuana can lead to respiratory problems, similar to those of tobacco smokers, including cancer of the respiratory tract and lungs. Marijuana smoke contains 50 to 70 percent more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than tobacco smoke.

Solvents

This would include glue, ethanol, petrol and benzine.

Inhalants produce effects similar to alcohol. The substances used are found in common household products, such as glues, lighter fluid, cleaning fluids and paint products. Chronic use of inhalants has been associated with a number of serious health problems, including sometimes irreversible damage to the heart, lungs, liver and kidneys.

 

 

Steroid Addiction

Steroids are man-made substances linked to testosterone and often abused, which can lead to violent tendencies and cardiovascular diseases, including heart attacks and strokes, even in athletes under the age of 30.

 

 

Behavioural addictions:

Eating Disorders:

Are conditions defined by abnormal eating habits that may involve either insufficient or excessive food intake to the detriment of an individual’s physical and mental health. Bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are the most common specific forms of eating disorder.

Sex addiction:

Is characterised by feelings of powerlessness over sexual thoughts and behaviours and a preoccupation with sex is causing progressively severe adverse consequences for us, our families, and our friends. Despite many failed promises to ourselves and attempts to change, sufferers are unable to stop acting out sexually by themselves.

Co-dependency:

Often involves placing a lower priority on one’s own needs, while being excessively preoccupied with the needs of others Co-dependency can occur in any type of relationship, including family, work, friendship, and also romantic, peer or community relationships. Co-dependency may also be characterized by denial, low self-esteem, excessive compliance, or control patterns. It is often the case that co-dependency and substance abuse go hand-in-hand. It could be the alcoholic or drug addict that suffers co-dependency or the addict’s partner, parent or relative. This issue can have significant consequences for the sufferer, with physical, emotional and relationship problems that can have a severe impact on daily living. Sometimes an addict’s co-dependent loved one will act like more of an enabler for the addict’s behaviour by vouching for them if they skip work, for example

 

Drug Addiction Rehab Programs Tailored to the Individual

Addiction comes in many different forms, including prescription drug abuse. Alcohol and drug addictions are unique in their own right and treatment is determined upon specific drug of choice. The Haven has different addiction treatment programs tailored to unique individuals.

 

A Holistic Approach to Drug Addiction Rehab

The best addiction clinics do more than only treat the physical symptoms. We take a holistic approach to addiction rehab that focuses on the mind, body and spirit. Our treatment and addiction counselling programs address the medical, clinical and spiritual needs of each client.